Swimming: Swimming is an excellent low-impact exercise that provides a full-body workout without putting stress on joints.
Walking: Gentle, controlled walks on soft surfaces like grass or sand are low-impact and can help maintain joint flexibility.
Underwater Treadmill: If available, underwater treadmills are designed specifically for dogs with joint issues.
Balancing Exercises: Balance exercises on a cushion or balance pad can improve proprioception (awareness of body position) and strengthen stabilizing muscles.
Puzzle Toys: Mental stimulation is crucial for dogs with joint issues. Puzzle toys encourage dogs to work for their treats or meals.
Low Jumps: Controlled, low jumps over small obstacles or hurdles can help maintain joint flexibility.
Gentle Stretching: Gentle stretching exercises, guided by a veterinarian or canine physical therapist, can improve joint mobility and reduce stiffness.